Good sexual health practices contribute to the overall health and well-being of an individual. Sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) occur when these health practices are not followed. Unfortunately, STDs have been on the rise both in our county and at the national level.¹ Gonorrhea rates, for example, have increased steadily since 2010.
Gonorrhea is an STD that can infect both men and women and can cause serious pain, pregnancy complications, and if left untreated can lead to infertility.² The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.² People that are sexually active can lower their chances of contracting gonorrhea by being in a mutually long-term monogamous relationship or by using latex condoms correctly every time during sex.²
Our Vital Signs
We use Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data to calculate the gonorrhea rate at the county, state and national level. Compared to other nearby counties such as Los Angeles and Riverside Counties, San Bernardino County has had higher rates of gonorrhea (per hundred thousand residents).³ The gonorrhea rate for San Bernardino County is more than double the rate of Orange County.³
We have identified the following trends in gonorrhea:
- Rates have increased steadily for the last several years at the county, state, and national level.
- Gonorrhea rates were on the decline at the county level as recently as 2010, and in California and nationally as recently as 2009.
- San Bernardino County gonorrhea rates tend to fall between the California and U.S. rates of gonorrhea.
The chart below shows the overall gonorrhea rate for San Bernardino County and compares it with rates for the State of California and the United States.
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/default.htm
- Numerator: California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Center for Health Statistics and Informatics (CHSI). California Death Statistical Master File. (ICD 10: U03, X60-X71, X75-X84, Y87.0). https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CHSI/Pages/Program-Landing1.aspx
- Denominator: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2010-2018 1-Year Summary File Estimates, Tables B01001, B07003. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/data/developers/data-sets/acs-1year.html.
- STDs Continue to Rise in the U.S. Press Release. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/2019/2018-STD-surveillance-report-press-release.html. Published October 8, 2019. Accessed February 25, 2020.
- STD Facts - Gonorrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm. Published January 29, 2014. Accessed February 25, 2020.
- Gonorrhea Tables California, 2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/CDPH%20Document%20Library/STD-Data-Gonorrhea-Tables.pdf. Accessed February 25, 2020.